Orange County Health Department - Hot Topics Facts & Information FACTS AND INFORMATION Fever Information & Facts Colleges in Florida (FL) Facts and Precautions

Print-and-Go Fact Sheet

Naegleria fowleri (commonly referred to as the "brain-eating amoeba" or "brain-eating ameba"), is a free-living microscopic ameba*, (single-celled living organism). It can cause a rare**and devastating infection of the brain called primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM). The ameba is commonly found in warm freshwater (e.g. lakes, rivers, and hot springs) and soil. Naegleria fowleri usually infects people when contaminated water enters the body through the nose. Once the ameba enters the nose, it travels to the brain where it causes PAM, which is usually fatal. Infection typically occurs when people go swimming or diving in warm freshwater places, like lakes and rivers. In very rare instances, Naegleria infections may also occur when contaminated water from other sources (such as inadequately chlorinated swimming pool water or heated and contaminated tapwater) enters the nose. 

Measles Information 


]]>, 29 May 2014 00:00:00 GMT
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) 


]]>, 12 May 2014 00:00:00 GMT
Rabies Facts and Information Fixtures—Save energy & money!, 31 May 2013 00:00:00 GMTHealthy Start Provider Exchange newsletter 

The Orange County Health Department works in partnership with the Healthy Start Coalition of Orange County to ensure pregnant women have access to care and to improve maternal and infant health while reducing the number of preterm births, low birth weight babies, and infant mortalities.  Prenatal and postnatal providers are also an important part to make sure babies have a healthy start by the screenings they do to identify women and infants who are risk for having a poor birth or developmental outcome.  To see the latest news such as top performing providers, go to this link for the Provider Exchange newsletter produced by the Healthy Start Coalition of Orange County. 

]]>, 26 Nov 2012 00:00:00 GMT
West Nile Virus : Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs), 23 Aug 2012 00:00:00 GMTPrevent Rodent Infestation - A printable guide included 


ORLANDO – The Orange County Health Department (OCHD) is reminding families to take important steps to control rodents in and around their homes. OCHD has experienced an increase in the number of calls and complaints relating to rodent activity in various locations across Orange County.   

Rodents can spread disease directly through handling, contact with feces, urine, saliva, bites and inhalation of dust contaminated with urine or droppings and indirectly through vectors such as ticks, fleas and mites that have fed on an infected rodent. In addition, rodents can damage property and contaminate up to 10 times as much food as they eat with hair and droppings.

The most effective way to control rodents and prevent illness is achieved by avoiding contact, eliminating any food sources, sealing even the smallest entries into homes, and successfully trapping rodents in and around the home. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends the following:

•Seal Up!  Seal up holes inside and outside the home to prevent entry by rodents. Mice can squeeze through a hole the size of a nickel, and rats can squeeze through a hole the size of a half dollar! 

•Trap Up! Trap rodents around the home to help reduce the rodent population.Choose an appropriate snap trap. Traps for catching mice are different from those for catching rats. Carefully read the instructions before setting the trap and keep out of reach of children and pets. 

•Clean Up! Use personal protective equipment to clean up food sources and nesting sites. Do not leave pet food out for an extended period of time, monitor and minimize the use of bird feeders.

If you believe you have an infestation, it is recommended that you consult with a professional pest control company.

For more information on rodent control go to or 

]]>, 05 Mar 2012 00:00:00 GMT
R3 App - The R3 App was created by Harbor House of Central Florida for its Project Courage Initiative 

How to Report a Problem with Food  

The Department of Health, Department of Business and Professional Regulation and Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services inspect and license food establishments depending on the type of facility.  However, the Department of Health is responsible for investigation and control of food-borne illness outbreaks associated with all food establishments.  Therefore, if you suspect that a food is contaminated or has made you or someone you know sick, go to this link to report it

If you prefer to report the incident by phone, please call our Environmental Health Department at 407-521-2630 or our Epidemiology Department at 407-858-1400.

For additional information about food hygiene please visit 

For additional information about food borne diseases please visit

If you have a non-foodborne illness complaint about a restaurant, convenient store or grocery stores such as cleanliness of the establishment contact:

For restaurants: Department of Business and Professional Regulation
You may file a complaint online or obtain further information pertaining to the jurisdiction of this agency by visiting
For convenient stores and grocery stores: Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
You may file a complaint online or obtain further information pertaining to the jurisdiction of this agency by visiting

Food Recall Report

]]>, 03 Nov 2010 00:00:00 GMT
Heat Index and Recommended Changes in Activity Levels Related to Outdoor Activities, 19 Oct 2010 00:00:00 GMTBed Bug Control 

CDC - Bed Bugs

Joint Statement on Bed Bug Control in the United States from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)



]]>, 01 Sep 2010 00:00:00 GMT
Amoeba Information - PSA

Play Spanish

Recreational water activities can be fun and entertaining, but precautions should be taken to ensure safety. In any body of fresh water anywhere and in poorly maintained and under chlorinated swimming pools a naturally occurring amoeba called Naegleria fowleri may be found.

It can cause an infection by traveling up the nose to the brain and spinal chord. This can happen during activities like swimming, diving, or wakeboarding.

Although infections are rare, most are fatal. The only known way to prevent infection is to avoid water related activities.

You may reduce your risk of infection by keeping your head out of the water, holding your nose shut or using a nose clip. Also, avoid digging in and stirring up the sediment.

Seek medical care immediately if you develop fever, headache, stiff neck, or vomitting, especially if you've been in warm fresh water within the previous two weeks.

For more information visit the Florida Department of Health web site or contact your local county Health Department.

  • Amoeba Fact Sheet English -(PDF 101kb)
  • Amoeba Fact Sheet Spanish - (PDF 103kb)
  • ]]>, 26 May 2010 00:00:00 GMT
    H1N1 Flu Information Earthquake 

    Earthquake in Chile

    The Orange County Health Department would like to offer their sympathy to those affected by the earthquake in Chile.

    On February 27, 2010, the earthquake with a magnitude of 8.8 was recorded off the central Chilean coast. Strong tremors were felt throughout Chile, including Santiago, and aftershocks continue. The US Department of State strongly urges U.S. citizens to avoid tourism and non-essential travel to Chile. The earthquake caused significant damage to the areas closest to the epicenter.

    If you are concerned about a U.S. citizen in the affected area and have not been able to reach that person, you can contact the Chile Task Force by email at or by calling 1-888-407-4747.

    The following is a link to the FEMA website with instructions for what to do after an earthquake.

    The following links provide you with information on relief efforts:

    ]]>, 12 Mar 2010 00:00:00 GMT